Cornea Ulceration and Perforations
The cornea is the clear membrane that covers the front of the eyeball. Corneal ulcerations are caused by scratches and infections of the cornea. Small, surface corneal ulcerations are not considered a medical emergency, however the deeper ulcers can cause a hernation or rupture of the Descement’s membrane leading to the collapse of the eyeball. If an object penetrates to the lens, immediate surgery is needed to save the eye. Treatment options for corneal damage are different depending on the severity of damage. Chronic corneal ulcerations need special care to heal properly.